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Thyroid Cause, Symptoms And Treatment

The thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck below Adam’s apple, makes thyroid hormones which they travel from the thyroid gland through the blood to all parts of the body, in where they do their work. Thyroid disease can cause symptoms because of over or under-function of the thyroid gland. The thyroid gland is an essential organ for producing thyroid hormones which maintain our body metabolism. Thyroid problem affects approximately 9% of the population. Thyroid functioning is interrelated with every system in your body if your thyroid is not running optimally then you turn on the signs of an underactive thyroid fatigue.

Symptoms Of Underactive Thyroid 

  • fatigue
  • intolerance of cold
  • poor circulation
  • low pulse
  • dry skin
  • hair loss
  • brittle nails
  • constipation
  • weight gain
  • intolerance to exercise
  • poor memory
  • inability to stay asleep
  • depression

Symptoms Of Overactive Thyroid 

  • nervousness
  • irritability
  • poor memory
  • feeling excessively warm
  • increased heart rate
  • diarrhea
  • insomnia
  • weight loss
  • bulging eyes
  • anxiety
  • thinning hair
  • irregular menstrual cycle

Every single cell in the human body has receptors for the thyroid hormone. Metabolism is basically the rate at which your body burns calories. Hypothyroidism means your thyroid gland is not producing enough of the thyroid hormone like a car with no gas which means burning calories is very slow. It’s hard to lose weight when your body is not getting enough energy and there is a constant feeling of exhaustion. Hypothyroidism affects every organ in the body of your brain to your lungs,  your stomach, your intestines, and can cause infertility for some women even down to your hairs, skin, and nails.

Causes And Symptoms Of Thyroid 


  • Food Intolerance: Gluten and A1 casein allergy
  • Hormone Imbalance: High cortisol due to stress, too little fat in diet, too many carbs
  • Toxicity: Radiation and heavy metal exposure
  • Deficiency: In iodine and selenium.


  • Muscle And Joint Pain: weakness in the arms and a tendency to develop carpal tunnel in the arms/hands.
  • Cholesterol Issues: high cholesterol, when it is not responsive to diet, exercise or cholesterol-lowering medication.
  • Menstrual Irregularities And Fertility Problems: heavier, more frequent and more painful periods or shorter, lighter and infrequent infertility can also be associated.
  • Depression And Anxiety: sudden onset of panic, disorder, can be symptoms of thyroid disease.
  • Fatigue: feeling exhausted when you wake up or being unable to function all day without a nap can be signs of thyroid problems.
  • Family History: if you have a family history of thyroid problems, you are at a higher risk of having a thyroid condition yourself.
  • Neck Discomfort Or Enlargement: a feeling of swelling in the neck, discomfort with turtlenecks or neckties.
  • Weight Change: unexplained weight changes issues can be signs of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism.
  • Hair And Skin Changes: hair frequently becomes brittle, coarse and dry, while breaking off and falling out easily. Skin can become coarse, thick, dry and scaly.
  • Bowel Problems: severe or long-term constipation and diarrhea or irritable bowel syndrome.

Foods Thyroid Patients should Avoid

  • cabbage
  • broccoli
  • cauliflower
  • brussels sprouts
  • kale
  • mustard
  • turnips
  • rutabaga
  • radish
  • horseradish
  • watercress
  • sweet potatoes
  • cassava
  • canola oil
  • soy
  • millet
  • peanuts
  • soymilk
  • coffee
  • tea
  • chocolate
  • soft drinks
  • caffeinated energy drinks
  • white sugar
  • ripe bananas
  • dried fruits
  • honey
  • maple syrup
  • white bread
  • white rice
  • potatoes
  • white pasta
  • sweets

Foods Thyroid Patients should Eat 

  • coconut
  • coconut oil
  • kelp
  • nori seaweed
  • halibut
  • herring
  • sardines
  • haddock
  • anchovies
  • marine shellfish
  • finfish
  • shellfish
  • macadamia nuts
  • hazelnuts
  • almonds
  • pecans
  • brazil nuts
  • cashews
  • beans
  • poultry
  • red meat
  • pacific oysters
  • pumpkin seeds
  • sesame seeds
  • garlic
  • onions
  • olive oil
  • oysters
  • clams
  • crabs
  • sunflower seeds
  • wheat bran cereals
  • whole grain products
  • cocoa products
  • leafy green vegetables
  • citrus fruits
  • red berries
  • tomatoes

However! your thyroid is incredibility sensitive to external factors, here is you can make your home thyroid-friendly to reduce stressors that lead to thyroid dysfunction.

IN THE KITCHEN: when plastics get heated, they release toxins. Whenever possible, use glass, stainless steel or cast iron products over plastics.

  • avoid single-brew coffee makers or other brewing systems that use plastics.
  • try not to use the heated dry settings in your dishwasher if you put plastics or non-stick pans in there.
  • be sure to avoid pre-heat non-stick pans over medium-high or high heat.
  • do not microwave plastics containers.

LIFESTYLE CHANGES: stressors such as lack of sleep, lack of exercise or insufficient hydration can affect the thyroid. Make these lifestyle changes to improve your thyroid health.

  • use organic makeup, lotions, and other cosmetics.
  • aim for eight hours of sleep.
  • exercise is regularly, but do not overdo it. Try for short bursts of strength conditioning, cardio, and yoga.

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES: environmental toxins and pollutants can wreak havoc on your metabolism and thyroid hormone output.

  • once mold enters your home, it can lead to a cascade of problems. Make sure you resolve the source of contamination ASAP.
  • avoid pesticides and plant growth chemicals.
  • stay away from bleach as often as possible.

thyroid sufferers

Thyroid Symptoms In Women

Observe your body more closely, it helps in the long run. That is usually a result of the malfunction of the thyroid gland. So women should carefully watch out these early symptoms.

  1. Change in the discharge of menstrual blood: Patients who suspected to have hypothyroid have often complained of prolonged periods, usually lasting over a week, up to 10 days. Also in some cases, heavy blood flow has also been associated with this kind of thyroid. Notice these conditions for a couple of months, and if you see no change consult doctor at once.
  2. Extremely poor concentration: Thyroid also affects your mental functioning, both high levels of thyroid hormone production and even low. You could experience sudden instances of memory loss, extreme depression and a general sluggishness.
  3. Muscle aches: Have you been experiencing muscle cramps and pain in the body? you feel like you always hurt, and your muscle always feels sore, either they easily cramp or you eventually give in to excessive body pain. These are the bit early thyroid symptoms in women.
  4. Dramatic weight gain: now you are somebody who maintains a healthy lifestyle, keeps herself fit with yoga and exercise, but the answer is in the under-functioning of your thyroid glands leading to hypothyroid.
  5. Anxiety and nervousness: a fallout of hyperthyroid, this condition often gives you a racing heart, sweaty palms or sudden shivering owing to the over-functioning of the thyroid glands.
  6. High cholesterol and bloated stomach: both these conditions are as a result of hypothyroid, you notice a sudden increase in your cholesterol or due to excessive fluid retention your stomach feels bloated.
  7. Feel hot all the time: it is not so hot yet, but you are always sweating, cannot tolerate the slightest rise in temperature, always require the air conditioner.

Symptoms Of Thyroid In Men 

Thyroid symptoms in men should not be ignored, if you or a loved one has been grappling with any of the above issues, please consult with a skilled practitioner who will do the testing necessary to diagnose, not only the condition but also the underlying cause of the thyroid imbalance itself. Thyroid symptoms in men such as

  • weight gain
  • fatigue
  • depression
  • hair loss
  • constipation
  • brain fog
  • insomnia
  • erectile dysfunction 
  • low sex drive may indicate hypothyroidism, just as they do in women. Though it is true that women experience higher rates of thyroid disorder than men, men are not immune.

whether you are men or women, hypothyroidism symptoms are caused when a dysfunctional thyroid falls to produce adequate levels of the hormones necessary for metabolism.

Treatment Of Thyroid 

Eat Selenium Rich Foods: Such as blackstrap molasses, mushrooms, garlic, onions, eggs, brazil nuts, shellfish, wheat germ, and sesame seeds.

Eat Iodine Rich Foods: eggs, kelp and other sea veggies, saltwater fish, iodized sea salt.

Exercise 30-40 Minutes: regular exercise is essential for good circulation, which helps the thyroid to distribute hormones. Thyroid hormones control metabolism and exercise maintain these hormones at a healthy level.

Thyroid Specific Nutrients: iodine, selenium, zinc, vitamin B complex, D, E, C and omega 3’s. Studies have shown coconut oil can help return a thyroid to healthy function.

Monitor Intake Of Raw Goitrogenic Foods: cruciferous veggies, corn, peanuts, peaches, cassava, pine nuts and turnips can limit the thyroid ‘s ability to regulate metabolism. Cooking goitrogenic foods can reduce or remove their goitrogenic function.


About Komal Alam

A professional Content writer From Pakistan.

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  1. Thanks for sharing..!!!
    I m a thyroid patient and now all I read this article , I clear lots of symptoms and ur post guide me how to treat my thyroid…
    Thanks a much😊

  2. Very informative

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