Phobia usually starts in children or teens and continue into adulthood. However! The causes of specific phobias are known, but they sometimes run in families. Treatment helps most people with phobias including medicines, therapy, or both. A Phobia is a type of anxiety disorder. Thus, It is a strong, irrational fear of something that poses little or no real danger. People with phobias try to avoid what they are afraid of if they can not , they may experience like
- Panic and Fear
- Rapid heartbeat
- Shortness of Breath
- A strong desire to get away.
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SYMPTOMS OF PHOBIA
As well as overwhelming feelings of anxiety, a panic attack can cause physical symptoms. In severe cases, you may also experience psychological symptoms, such as:
- Hot flushes or chills
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- A choking sensation
- Rapid heartbeat ( tachycardia)
- Pain or tightness in the chest
- A sensation of butterflies in the stomach
- Headaches and dizziness
- Feeling faint
- Numbness or pins and needles
- Dry mouth
- A need to go to the toilet
- Ringing in your ears
- Confusion or disorientation
- Feeling of losing control
- Fear of fainting
- Fear of dying
- Feeling of Dread.
Another symptom of the phobia is complex phobia such as AGORAPHOBIA and SOCIAL PHOBIA can often have a detrimental effect on a person’s life and mental health. The symptoms which are experienced by many people with the type of agoraphobia can vary in severity. Like, some people can feel very apprehensive and anxious if they have to leave their home to go the shops. Other may feel relatively comfortable traveling short distances from their home.
A phobia is an excessive and irrational fear reaction. If you have a phobia you will be experienced a deep sense of dread, and sometimes panic. The impact of a phobia can range from annoying to several disabling. People with phobias often realize their fear is irrational but are unable to do anything about it. Such fears can interfere with your work, school, and even in your personal relationships.
Almost everyone has an irrational fear, though these fears are minor. But when fears become so severe that they cause tremendous anxiety and interfere with your normal life. However! the good news is that phobias can be managed and cured. Self-help strategies and therapy can help you overcome your fears and start living your own life the way you want.
TYPES OF PHOBIA
1. Specific Phobia:
An irrational fear of an object or situation like this called a specific phobia. The diagnoses and mental health developer split specific phobia into these five categories :
- fear of animals
- natural environment
- blood and needles
- situations like fear of flying, fear of clowns, etc.
fear of public places but has to do with being fearful in a public place. When it feels like it might be hard to escape quickly and return to a place perceived as safe like the person’s home. People with agoraphobia tend not to venture out very often.
On the other hand, social phobia is overwhelming and persistent fears of social situations and interactions. People with social phobia are fearful of being embarrassed or judged by others. Being embarrassed or feeling awkward in a social interaction from time to time is totally normal, but people with social phobia often feel anxiety for weeks leading up to the event before they happen and they are afraid of doing common things in front of others.
WORD LIST OF PHOBIA
- Acrophobia – fear of high place
- Algophobia – fear of pain
- Agoraphobia – fear of being in public place
- Androphobia – fear of male
- Autophobia – fear of solitude
- Astrophobia – fear of lighting
- Bathophobia – fear of depths
- Bibliophobia – fear of books
- Cacophobia – fear of ugliness
- Iatrophobia – fear of doctors
- Chemophobia – fear of ice
- Chronophobia – fear of time
- Cynophobia – fear of dogs
- Claustrophobia – fear of closed places
- Cibophobia – fear of food
- Demophobia – fear of people
- Dipsophobia – fear of thirst
- Entomophobia – fear of insects
- Ergophobia – fear of work
- Gamophobia – fear of marriage
- Genophobia – fear of birth
- Germophobia – fear of old age
- Gnosiophobia – fear of knowledge
- Graphophobia – fear of writing
- Gynephobia – fear of women
- Haematophobia – fear of food
- Hedonophobia – fear of pleasure
- Hydrophobia – fear of water
- Hodophobia – fear of travel
- Hypnophobia – fear of sleep
- Kleptophobia – fear of thieves
- Lalophobia – fear of speaking
- Lipophobia – fear of getting fat
- Logophobia – fear of study
- Metrophobia – fear of motherhood
- Menophobia – fear of old memories
- Monophobia – fear of loneliness
- Mysophobia – fear of filth
- Nosophobia – fear of illness
- Nyctophobia – fear of night
- Ochlophobia – fear of mobs
- Ombrophobia – fear of rain
- Pathophobia – fear of disease
- Peniaphobia – fear of poverty
- Poinephobia – fear of punishment
- Plutophobia – fear of wealth
- Pyrophobia – fear of fire
- Kenophobia – fear of emptiness
- Tacophobia – fear of speed
- Toxicophobia – fear of poison
- Theophobia – fear of God
- Trichophobia – fear of hair
- Scelerophobia – fear of burglars
- Xenophobia – fear of foreigners
TREATMENT OF PHOBIA
Prepare to relax:
Few people think of worrying as self-programming but it is intense worry about upcoming social situations repeatedly links anxiety to the events. No wonder when you actually go into the social situation itself you feel anxious, you have programmed yourself to feel this way. You can start to reverse this trend by taking time to think about the future gathering whilst relaxed, maybe in a warm bath or in a comfortable chair. Imagine seeing yourself looking relaxed and confident.
Seek out social situations:
Imagine if you lived in a house for thirty years but always avoided one room, and after all that time you now actually ventured into the mysterious room, you might feel a little tense and anxious WHY? because the more we avoid something the more we send the message to the unconscious mind that: ” that is dangerous, that is why I am avoiding it”, so your mind trying to be helpful, builds up the fear even more.
Look at your surroundings:
Socially anxious people focus inwards on their feelings. Studies have found that people who rate themselves as shy in social settings have a much worse recall for external details of the environment because they have been looking inward, not outward. So it makes sense to focus outward more to lower anxiety.
Social phobia has us worrying what other people think of us. So instead focus on others ask people open questions which require more than just a yes or no answer. Make a point of remembering what they tell you and referring back to it later to demonstrate you were interested enough to take it in.
Switch off your imagination:
Your imagination is a wonderful thing in its place and if you use it constructively, it can be of massive help. But using it to scare yourself is like using a hammer to wash the dishes. Trying to imagine what people are thinking of you is a big no-no. Ultimately we can influence what others think of us, but we can not control it.
What do you want?
Your mind needs positive instructions. Rather than “I hope I do not feel terrified as usual”, ask yourself ” how do I want to feel in these situations”? and get into the habit of focusing on that.
On being yourself:
Part of social phobia treatment involves teaching people to be relaxed enough to be able to present aa less than perfect image. People who are relaxed about and prepared to sometimes make a bit of a fool themselves, tend to be much more socially confident.
MOST COMMON PHOBIAS
Specific phobia is the most common phobia in which anxiety disorders affecting about 10 percent of Americans but what exactly is a specific phobia and how seriously can it impact a person’s life. Everyone fears something typically, though we can not control our fears and continue with daily activities. Some people experience specific situation, place, animal or object. This anxiety may be so intense that it results in a panic attack. The most common phobias are:
- Fear of animal
- Enclosed places like elevators
Although people who are suffering from specific phobias may be realized their fear is unreasonable, they are unable to prevent the intense anxiety and dread that may occur if they encounter the subjects of their fear.