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Eating Disorder : Types, Causes And Treatment

An eating disorder is abnormal eating patterns, people who seek an eating disorder treatment can recover and go on to live a healthy normal life. Treating an eating disorder takes a huge financial toll, and despite the growing rate of diagnoses, medical care for this illness does not seem to be getting any more affordable. But when treatment is skipped due to lack of affordability, the repercussions can be deadly.

According to South Carolina Department of Mental Health, there are about 8 million Americans with eating disorders ( 7 million women and 1 million men), 95 percent of those people are between ages 12 and 25. Although it causes 12* more deaths than any other illness among girls aged 15-24. Since 1996, hospitalizations due to eating disorders grew 119 percent among kids under age 12 and when there is a family disorder, children are over 10 times more likely to develop one.

When an eating disorder progresses, both risk and costs grow rapidly. Patient recovery takes an average of 3-6 months of treatment, the cost may discourage treatment but only 5 in 50 people with an eating disorder seek assistance and 4 of those do not receive the full amount of treatment needed. Only an essential 30 percent of eating disorder patients ever fully recover. However! the eating disorder has the highest mortality rate of any mental illness. 1 in 5 people with an eating disorder will die prematurely as a result, despite the high cost of eating disorder annual money spent on researching the illness equals about $1 for every person with anorexia.

In the United States, eating disorders are more common than Alzheimer’s disease. As many as 10 million women and one million men have an eating disorder such as anorexia and bulimia. Eating disorders are the deadliest mental illness, top three chronic illness in Adolescent girls are

  • Asthma
  • Obesity
  • Anorexia

Though one-half of 4th-grade girls are on a diet, four out of 10 Americans either have suffered or have known someone who has suffered from an eating disorder. The risk of developing an eating disorder is 40-50 percent is genetic and 50-60 percent is psychological. 


Anorexia Nervosa:

A condition in which an individual believes they are overweight but they are actually thin, which can lead to the refusal to eat and compulsive exercise possibly causing extreme weight loss and starvation. It can be affected by the body in different ways which are,

  • BRAIN: cannot think right, fear of weight gain, mood/depression/irritable, bad memory, fainting.
  • BLOOD: anemia
  • INTESTINES: bloating and constipation
  • MUSCLE AND JOINTS: weak muscle, swollen joints, fracture, osteoporosis
  • FLUIDS: low potassium, low magnesium, low sodium
  • HAIR: thins, become brittle
  • HEART: low blood pressure, slower heart rate, palpitations
  • KIDNEYS: failure or kidney stones
  • SKIN: bruise easily, dry skin, growth of fine hair all over the body, cold easily, yellow skin, nail get brittle
  • HORMONES: mostly problems growling in women with menstrual problems and trouble getting pregnant.

Bumilia Nervosa:

A condition marked by a cycle of intensive dieting, uncontrolled episodes of overeating, and extreme measure to prevent weight gain that is fasting or purging. Individuals with bulimia nervosa tend to maintain a normal weight. Bumilia affected people face problems in some ways like,

  • COMPULSIVE EXERCISING: many people with bulimia engage in compulsive exercising to control weight
  • MOODY BLUES: frequent bingeing and purging can heighten feeling of depression, anxiety, and irritability
  • TOOTH DECAY: the high acid content of vomiting may cause tooth sensitivity and decay
  • A SORE THROAT: excessive vomiting can cause pain and swelling of the throat
  • FACE SWELLING: puffy cheeks may be the result of damaged salivary glands
  • BLOODY VOMIT: blood in the vomit may indicate a ruptured esophagus
  • SCARRED HANDS: you might not think scarred hands have anything to do with an eating disorder, but they tell a powerful story
  • DRY SKIN: purging can deplete your body of precious water
  • IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT: a weakened heart has to work harder, increasing risk of heart failure
  • FEELING FAINT: a lightheaded, weak feeling may be due to low blood pressure
  • RED EYES: red eyes may be the result of forceful vomiting
  • COMPLICATIONS IN CHILDBIRTH: pregnant mothers who binge and purge put themselves and their babies at risk.

Binge Eating Disorder:

Recurrent episodes of uncontrolled overeating without purging, often causing weight gain and those people who suffered from this condition may be faced the problems like,

  • MOUTH: eating stimulates saliva. The more saliva, the more flavor immerses tastebuds and the better food tastes, increasing the likelihood of overeating.
  • TEETH: sugar clings to teeth and reacts with bacteria to produce acid that damages enamel, boosting cavity risk.
  • LIVER AND MUSCLE: unused blood sugar is stored in muscle and liver as glycogen while the rest converted into body fat.
  • BLOOD: after all excess sugar is used or stored, blood glucose and insulin plunge, causing irritation and hunger.
  • GUT: refined carbs are broken down into sugar more rapidly than complex carbs, causing blood glucose to peak quicker within 45 minutes or less.
  • BRAIN: high blood sugar causes a surge in mental energy while stimulating happy hormones that trigger calm and contentment.


The sooner someone seeks help, the sooner they will benefit from treatment. However! people with an eating disorder usually work very hard to keep it secret and find it very difficult to acknowledge that they have a serious problem. Diagnosis can be difficult since the symptoms of an eating disorder often occur in combination with depression, anxiety, and substance abuse.

A multidisciplinary approach is the most effective treatment route. This involves a thorough :

  • medical assessments
  • nutritional guidance
  • support
  • medical follow-up
  • individual
  • group and family therapy

Because eating disorders have a profound negative impact on all family members, the entire family may need counseling.

Cathing an eating disorder early could save a person’s life..



It means there is a biological component to it, and this cause is very very complicated. The genes that make us vulnerable under the right circumstances or wrong circumstances to develop an eating disorder. Thus, eating disorders are often biologically inherited and tend to run in families. Research suggests that inherited these genetic factors contribute approximately 56% risk developing of an eating disorder.


Psychological factors that can contribute to an eating disorder include low,

  • self-esteem
  • feelings of inadequacy
  • lack of control in life
  • depression
  • anxiety
  • anger, or loneliness 


Sometimes appearance-obsessed friends or romantic partners create pressure that encourages eating disorders.

  • ditto for sorority houses
  • theatre troupes
  • dance companies
  • school cliques

And other situations where peers influence one another in unhealthy ways. In most cases, people are experiencing relationships problems, loneliness in particular.

About Komal Alam

A professional Content writer From Pakistan.

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