Diabetes Type 1 — Insulin Dependent
It is an autoimmune disease and it develops when the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are destroyed, causing glucose to remain in the bloodstream. This raises sugar levels in the blood which unfortunately cannot be naturally corrected. In Diabetes Type 1 people need to take,
- insulin every day via injection or insulin pump
- they need to check their blood sugar levels throughout the day
- they have to eat a healthy and balanced diet
- they need to engage in regular activity.
This type of diabetes cannot be cured but following the above steps can help you to stay healthy and avoid complications in later life. Almost 10% of the UK population have type 1 diabetes because in such cases, there was no family history. However, the risk is raised by 15 times among first-degree relatives. Type 1 diabetes typically associated with the children and young adult and its risk factors are both genetics and environmental, though it can only be treated with insulin.
Diabetes Type 2 — Insulin Resistant
This is caused by the body not producing enough insulin or when the body becomes resistant to the insulin. Obesity and high blood sugar levels are the most potent risk factors for type 2 diabetes. People with this type of diabetes should manage to
- maintain a healthy weight
- they should have to eat sensibly
- and exercise regularly is a must
The effects of this type of diabetes can be significantly reduced or delayed by following the above changes in the lifestyle. At least 90% UK population have this type of disease, and type 2 affects more than 3 million people. As type 2 diabetes progresses, it can worsen so that the pancreas produces less insulin. Type 2 associated with the adults’ onset and its risk factors are obesity, older age, family or personal history of the disease. It can be treated by diet, exercise and sometimes oral drugs or insulin.
On the other side, diabetes is associated with many other health conditions like
- Blindness — from 2005 to 2008, 28.5% of diabetes patients of age 40 and older had diabetic retinopathy, which can cause loss of vision.
- Stroke — hospitalization rates for strokes are 1.5 times higher for adults diagnosed with diabetes.
- Heart attack — hospitalizations rates for heart attack are 1.8 times higher for an adult with diagnosed diabetes.
- Hypertension — from 2009 to 2012, 71% of adults with diabetes had blood pressure at or over 140/90 or took prescription medication for high blood pressure.
- Kidney disease — in 2011, 44% of kidney failure cases were caused by diabetes.